Holland & Knight: Mexican Lower House Legalizes Recreational Use of Cannabis

Holland & Knight: Mexican Lower House Legalizes Recreational Use of Cannabis
Mexican Lower House Legalizes Recreational Use of Cannabis

The House of Representatives (Cámara de Diputados) of Mexico on March 10, 2021, voted to approve the Federal Law for Cannabis Regulation (Ley Federal para la Regulación del Cannabis), a bill that would legalize and (to some extent) decriminalize the recreational use of cannabis.

With 315 votes in favor, the majority of the House approved the bill and submitted it to the Senate, where it will be reviewed and discussed once again. The bill comes after a 2019 ruling by the Supreme Court of Justice of Mexico (Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación or SCJN) declaring the absolute prohibition of cannabis consumption to be unconstitutional and ordering Congress to regulate. The bill regulates the growth, consumption, distribution, industrialization and sale of cannabis for recreational purposes, effectively creating a vast new legal market and making Mexico the largest polity to legalize its trade and consumption.

The bill allows for the creation of so-called “cannabis clubs” for personal consumption, commercialization and industrial production. Publicity will not be permitted, and cannabis consumption will be prohibited for minors.

However, while the bill represents a landmark and a major shift in the country’s drugs policy, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and activists have raised concerns that the bill continues to criminalize users (fines and criminal prosecution may be enforced if the possession thresholds are exceeded) and marginalized groups, such as small farmers who have been historically forced to grow cannabis. Further, NGOs worry that the new law and the amended provisions of existing legal statutes do not eliminate extortion incentives against recreational users and small producers.

The Senate will review the bill and is expected to determine whether it complies with the 2019 ruling of the SCJN, but a fast-track vote by the majority remains a possibility.

Source:  https://www.hklaw.com/en/insights/publications/2021/03/la-camara-de-diputados-de-mexico-legaliza-el-uso-ludico-del-cannabis

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Cannabis Law Journal – Editorial Board Members

Editor – Sean Hocking

Author Bios

Canada
Matt Maurer – Minden Gross
Jeff Hergot – Wildboer Dellelce LLP

Costa Rica
Tim Morales – The Cannabis Industry Association Costa Rica

Nicaragua
Elvin Rodríguez Fabilena

USA

General
Julie Godard
Carl L Rowley -Thompson Coburn LLP

Arizona
Jerry Chesler – Chesler Consulting

California
Ian Stewart – Wilson Elser Moskowitz Edelman & Dicker LLP
Otis Felder – Wilson Elser Moskowitz Edelman & Dicker LLP
Lance Rogers – Greenspoon Marder – San Diego
Jessica McElfresh -McElfresh Law – San Diego
Tracy Gallegos – Partner – Fox Rothschild

Colorado
Adam Detsky – Knight Nicastro
Dave Rodman – Dave Rodman Law Group
Peter Fendel – CMR Real Estate Network
Nate Reed – CMR Real Estate Network

Florida
Matthew Ginder – Greenspoon Marder
David C. Kotler – Cohen Kotler

Illinois
William Bogot – Fox Rothschild

Massachusetts
Valerio Romano, Attorney – VGR Law Firm, PC

Nevada
Neal Gidvani – Snr Assoc: Greenspoon Marder
Phillip Silvestri – Snr Assoc: Greenspoon Marder

Tracy Gallegos – Associate Fox Rothschild

New Jersey

Matthew G. Miller – MG Miller Intellectual Property Law LLC
Daniel T. McKillop – Scarinci Hollenbeck, LLC

New York
Gregory J. Ryan, Esq. Tesser, Ryan & Rochman, LLP
Tim Nolen Tesser, Ryan & Rochman, LLP
Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft LLP

Oregon
Paul Loney & Kristie Cromwell – Loney Law Group
William Stewart – Half Baked Labs

Pennsylvania
Andrew B. Sacks – Managing Partner Sacks Weston Diamond
William Roark – Principal Hamburg, Rubin, Mullin, Maxwell & Lupin
Joshua Horn – Partner Fox Rothschild

Washington DC
Teddy Eynon – Partner Fox Rothschild